Africa at War

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Africa At War
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To be able to play these scenarios you must first own Pacific War and then download the Africa at War Mod from this site.

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Ambush at Longa River

Ozgur Budak

Hypothetical scenario based on Mike Curtis’ setup for Specialist Military Publishing

24 SEPTEMBER 1989, LONGA RIVER, ANGOLA:

Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, Cuba actively worked to support Communist political movements in Latin America and Africa. The island country expanded its military presence abroad, and by 1988 had 50,000 troops in Angola alone. Its efforts to back the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola
(MPLA) were helped, at least logistically, by Russia. In the summer of 1989, frustrated by Cuban setbacks (namely the defeat at Cuito Cuanavale), Moscow has deployed its first motorized rifle regiment on the African continent. Military officials see this theater as a prime opportunity to field test their upgraded T-64 MBTs, equipped with reactive armor and capable of firing the AT-11 Sniper anti-tank missile.

Soviet planners have mapped out an ambush south of the Longa River. Cuban units have been called to support the effort (as their personnel have the most experience in country), and by September 24, the lead elements of the 20th Motorized Brigade have just pushed south of the water body, throwing up a protective screen as engineers scramble to establish their bridges. Unknown to the Cubans, however, the SADF’s 83rd Mechanized Brigade, bolstered by two squadrons of Olifants, is racing to the scene. Pretoria is aware its only hope of discouraging further Soviet involvement is to inflict a quick, bloody defeat on the Communist forces.  Download.

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Sound and Fury

Ozgur Budak

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06 NOVEMBER 2004, YAMOUSSOUKRO AIRPORT, CENTRAL IVORY COAST:

On 6 November 2004, after rebel groups’ denial of the disarmament plan, Laurent Gbagbo, the president of the Ivory Coast and the leader of the Popular Front, ordered airstrikes on the rebel positions near Bouaké. However, one of the bombs fell on a French strongpoint killing 9 soldiers who were monitoring the peacekeeping operations. Although Gbagbo claimed that the attack on the French position was a mistake French President Jacques Chirac ordered the seizure of the Yamoussoukro airport and destruction of the small Ivorian Air Force.

The same day a column of the Foreign Legion set out from their positions around Bouaké and moved North towards Yamoussoukro. French troops, namely the paratroopers from the 2nd Para Regiment supported by armored cars of the recon element and attack helicopters, launched a surprise assault on the Ivorian Airport. Ivorian sentries struggled to recover from the initial blow while FANCI militia tried to join their regular army comrades.  Download.

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The Backfire

Ozgur Budak

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07 NOV2004, FRENCH RESIDENTIAL DISTRICT, ABIDJAN, IVORY COAST:

Elements of the French Foreign Legion were monitoring peacekeeping operations during the Ivorian Civil War in 2004. French troops were scattered around the country’s critical junctions to form buffer zones between Loyalist troops of  President Laurent Gbagbo including the FANCI Militia and different Rebel factions. In November Ivorian president Laurent Gbagbo had ordered airstrikes to be carried out on Ivorian rebels. On November 6, 2004, at least one Ivorian Sukhoi Su-25 bomber attacked a position of France’s Unicorn peacekeeping force in the rebel stronghold of Bouaké at 1 pm local time, killing nine French soldiers and wounding another 31. The Ivorian government claimed the attack on the French was unintentional, but the French insisted that the attack had been deliberate.

Within hours; French President Jacques Chirac personally ordered the destruction of the small Ivorian air force and the seizure of Yamoussoukro airport. The French military performed an overland attack on the airport and destroyed the small Ivorian air force parking on the field.

The French attack on Yamoussoukro raised the tensions in the country. On 7 November, armed mobs of Ivorians loyal to the government took to the streets of Abidjan, the largest city located at the Atlantic Coast. Rioters attacked a French school and army base. Crowds of young Ivorians attacked a residential district made up of French citizens, who had to be evacuated by airlift as mobs burst into their apartment buildings. Unable to control the situation, troops from the Foreign Legion; the 2nd Recon Company and the 1st Para Company (2nd Para Regiment) deployed in the French District to counter the attacks and gain time for the evacuating civilians as armed mobs overwhelmed the streets.  Download

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Vortex #4 Battle of the Walvis Bay

Ozgur Budak

Scenario adaptation of Mike Curtis’ setup for a table-top wargame “Cold War Commander”. The action portrayed here is based on Larry Bond’s book “Vortex”.

27 AUGUST 1990, WALVIS BAY, 300KM WEST OF WINDHOEK, NAMIBIA:

South Africa’s drive into Namibia had stalled by late August. Commandant Henrik Kruger, who’s 20th Cape Rifles had spearheaded the armored column aimed at Windhoek, was blocked by strong Cuban forces entrenched in the Auas Mountains. And things were no better to the west, as Pretoria’s planners had over-estimated their ability to reinforce the deep-water port at Walvis Bay placing an impossible burden on Colonel George von Brandis’s 5th Mechanized Battalion.

For more than a week, von Brandis and his men had raced east on Route 52, stabbing toward Namibia’s capital in what was originally intended to serve as a feint. A string of early victories over Namibian border troops bolstered 5th Mechanized’s morale. But with the 20th Cape Rifles stymied just north of Bergland, the unit’s responsibilities soon spiraled out of control and von Brandis was to continue to push on Windhoek. It was only after his men had destroyed a reinforced enemy battalion, complete with a company of T-55 tanks, in pitched battle just 50 miles from Windhoek that Von Brandis learned just how close South Africa was coming to losing this war. Cuban armor, shuttled in theater by Russian transports, had flanked him and was advancing south towards the former Germany colony of Swakopmund at the Atlantic Coast, no more than a day’s drive from Walvis Bay.

The 5th Mechanized had no choice but to turn around and go back, its officers and men praying for a miracle as their APCs and armored cars, now starved for fuel, began to die by the roadside. Von Brandis and the 5th Mechanized have arrived only an hour before the Cubans at the junction near Walvis Bay. They’ve been able to locate some firing positions east of the road leading into the port. At 1700Hrs, the leading units spotted a large mechanized column coming down the road. The Cubans have arrived.  Download.

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NIGERIA – BIAFRAN CIVIL WAR  1967-71

Granted full independence from England in 1960, Nigeria would plummet into the predictable period of civil strife following all such transitions. Initially having a civilian government that was put in place by the previous powers that be, in 1966 a successful military coup overthrew the civilian government and a military administration under General Ironsi would assume control of the country. On 20 July 1966 a counter coup was thrown which resulted in the assassination of General Ironsi and a comparatively stable administration was created under one General Yakubu Gowan. These coups had been accomplished by the massacre of countless Ibo’s (A Nigerian ethnic group) and a thousands of Ibo’s fled south to their homeland in SE Nigeria and what was to become a battleground.

General Gowan soon drafted a national reorganization of Nigeria into 12 Federal states and in response, Lt. Colonel Odungewu Ojukwu decided that the region of SE Nigeria (of which he was Governer) was seceding from federal Nigeria as the Independent Republic of Biafra. Infuriated, General Gowan would begin mobilizing Federal Forces to reunify his country and eventually would plummet Nigeria into what has become known as “Black Africa’s First Modern War”.

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The Marines Have Landed!

14 September 1969    Nigerian Delta – Oguta, Biafra Owerri Salient No#1

During the summer of 1969, Federal forces conducted a major operation into Biafra in a stroke to end the war. Numerous plans were included in this major operation which included an Amphibious landing near Port Harracourt amongst a myriad of other excursions. The initial assault and capture of the strategic town of Owerri, which was then in part the capital of Biafra – was conceptualized in 1968 by Colonel Benjamin Adekunle (aka “Black Scorpion”) along three axes assigned to the 14th, 15th and 16th Brigades of the 3rd Marine Commando Division, under Majors George Innih, Yemi Alabi (later Makanjuola) and E.A. Etuk, respectively. In the opening blows, Colonel Makanjuola’s 15th Bde was to swing left of Owerri, bypassing Ohoba in an ambitious river-borne assault on Oguta. From here they hoped to simultaneously threaten Biafra’s connection to the outside world at Uli-Ihiala airstrip six miles away, cut off Biafra’s source of fuel at the Egbema oil field, and prevent Biafran reinforcements from reaching Owerri. download

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Quick Kill in Slow Motion

15 September 1969    0800 Hours   Nigerian Delta – Vicinity of  Oguta, Biafra Owerri Salient No#2

Although the Oguta phase of the operation met with an outstanding initial level of success, Federal luck to begin to change on the flanks as they closed in on the Egbema Oilfields. Select Biafran troops, led, trained and organized by white mercenaries (4. Commando Brigade) such as the German Rolf Steiner and the Belgian Robert Goosens began wreaking havoc on forward elements of Federal forces as the drove forward from Oguta, foreshadowing the massive counterattack that was to come. This scenario, though fictional is based loosely off of reading concerning a firefight that developed with the recon elements of the 30th Battalion, 15th Marine Brigade. download

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Modern War, Ancient Curse

15 September 1969    2330 Hours    Nigerian Delta – Vicinity of Egbema Owerri Salient No#3

After the failure of intial probes to provide substantial reconaissance, the 31st Battalion, 15th Marine Brigade conducted a movement in force and under cover of darkness towards the Egbema Oilfields to obtain the same. Unknown to the Colonel Makanjuola, elements of the Biafran 14th Division were moving in force to Oguta. Along the roads leading to Egbema, the 31/15th ran head long into a Biafran force of super number and were forced to fall back to their rally point and eventually back to Oguta. Although superiorly armed and trained, the Marines of the 31st Battalion were in low spirits due to word from local inhabitants that JuJu (Voodoo – something Nigerians take VERY seriously) spells cast on them by local shamans. This scenario is also fictional yet based on historical events that were too vague in description to be represented 100% accurately from a military standpoint. download

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When Darkness Falls, So do Men

16 September 1969    2230 Hours    Nigerian Delta – Oguta, Biafra Owerri Salient No#4

The situation for the Federal Nigerians continued to develop for the worse after the engagement that took place on the evening of 15 September. Forced back to their original starting position by repeated Biafran onslaughts, the 15th Brigade/3MCDO was now faced with defending Oguta (a town which it had taken 2 days prior) versus an oncoming assault of numerical superiority. Historically this attack forced Major Alabi and his Marines to abandon their positions and thus set the stage for the encirclement of the 16th Brigade at Owerri. download

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WARS OF LIBERATION FROM PORTUGAL 1961-75

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Emboscada!

Greg Colman

23 February 1970    Vicinity of Massangulo, Mozambique

Portuguese Commander: You must escort a supply convoy (represented by the UN flagged trucks) from  the town of Lichinga to Massangulo Mozambique, exiting as many supply trucks as possible. FRELIMO terrorists are known to be in the area of  transit so keep on your toes. Get the supplies through to Massangulo!   download

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Mozambique 1970: Battlepack (5 Scenarios)

Barnacle Bob

This a collection of 5 scenarios covering Portuguese operations in Mozambique during 1970. Scenarios included are “Paras on Patrol”, “Last Stand”, “Race to the Village”, Village Sweep”, and finally: “Battle for FRELIMO Base Nyasa”. IN addition to these scenarios, Bob has created a seperate folder that adds on FRELIMO as it’s own nationality. Instillation of this folder is needed to view units correctly during scenarios. Adding FRELIMO takes only a minute and instructions are included to guide you through the painless process. download

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RHODESIAN CIVIL WAR 1964-80

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Operation Dingo

Greg Colman

23 November 1977    Chimoio, Mozambique

For an entire year, Rhodesian intelligence agents had observed two large bases deep inside Mozambique.  It was determined that the bases, one at Tembue and the other at Chimoio, constituted major deployment areas for Robert Mugabe’s “ZANLA” forces arriving fresh from training courses in Tanzania, China, and Ethiopia.  From these bases, Mugabe’s men would advance directly into Rhodesia to conduct military and terrorist operations. Attacking the bases would require a major commitment from all branches of the Rhodesian military.  Originally, it was considered logistically impossible to deploy the necessary forces so far from Rhodesian soil.  But, eventually, the importance of eliminating the bases forced Rhodesian war planners to devise a plan – Operation Dingo. At dawn on Wednesday, November 23, 1977, Rhodesian warplanes, Dakotas carrying SAS paratroops, and helicopters carrying Rhodesian Light Infantry, set out toward the ZANLA base at Chimoio.  It was hoped to catch the ZANLA garrison just as they were assembling for their daily muster parade. . download

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A Terrorist By Any Other Name

10 September 1978    Southeastern Rhodesia

As the war in Rhodesia progressed into the later stages, use of Fire Forces became not only a common but very effective means of eliminating ZANLA and ZIPRA infiltrators in the Rhodesian interior. Comprised of the elite troops of the Selous Scouts, Rhodesian SAS or the Rhodesian Light Infantry (the latter exclusively by during the latter stages of the war),  Airborne “Stop Teams” and Heliborne “Sticks” were put to staggering effect in the now defunct country of Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe). Often labeled as “oppressed and victimized” by the Western World, undertrained and underskilled communist ZANLA and ZIPRA guerrillas made common practice of infiltrating across the border of Mozambique or Namibia into Rhodesia to conduct terror operations on civilians in preference to attacking legitimate military targets. download

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Aldeia de Barregem

05 September 1979      Operation Uric     Aldeia de Barregem, Mozambique

At the end of 1978 some 11,000 ZANLA were operating in Rhodesia and over half of these had been deployed through Mozambique’s Gaza Province into the South East (OP Repulse) area of Rhodesia known as ‘The Russian Front”. Reeling from the highly effective Selous Scouts raids and SAS-trained National Resistance (the MNR) Mozambique was military and economically in tatters. Samora Machel, dissatisfied with ZANLA’s progress, took matters into his own hands. Sitting down with his FRELIMO commander Sebastiao Mabote and Robert Mugabe, the trio came to a Political & Militaristic agreement whereby ZANLA forces in Gaza were to be totally integrated and deployed with FRELIMO troops into Rhodesia in a bid to end the War. Rhodesia; in it’s own bid to stop this planned invasion, launched the controversial Operation Uric which struck deep inside Machels’ country with a vengeance. download

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WARS WITH ANGOLA 1961-90

Striking at UNITA – Cuito Canuavale ’87a

19  August 1987    Vicinity of Cuito Cuanavale, Angola    Days of Glory #1

In the fall of 1987, FAPLA began stepping up attacks versus the western sypmathetic UNITA movement in the Southern region of Angola. Knowing that UNITA had very limited to no anti-tank capability, the Communists enjoyed very heavy success in these attacks. Refusing to let their allies to the north be destroyed outright, the SADF began training and equipping the guerrillas of  UNITA with anti-tank capability to deal with the FAPLA armored threat. This scenario is version 2. It lowers the turns to 14, and repositions UNITAand FAPLA forces to allow the former to have a chance at victory. If downloaded and installed, this will replace the stock version. download

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Days of Glory – Cuba’s Mythical Victory (5 Scenarios)

10 September – 03 October 1987 Cuito Cuanavale, Angola

After their failure in both their 1985 and 1986 offensives in support of FAPLA, the Cubans were now eager to gain the initiative and prove that they were a match for the South African Defence Force and establish themselves as the “liberators” of Southern Africa. This battlepack covers 5 separate engagements during this period of time. (sporadic fighting continued until December 87). Most scenarios have hypothetical twists, as much information during these battles is still of a classified nature. Scenarios included: Striking at UNITA, Bienvenidos al Infernio, A Damned Determined Lot, Savannah Steel and Through Hell and High Water. download

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Africa at War Battle Packs

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Battle Pack #1 (2 Scenarios )

by Barnacle Bob

04 July 1972, Fort Tristão, Portuguese Guinea
Fort Tristão was located in the Tombali Province two kilometers north of the Guinea  border. The base was established to protect the Cacine-Quebo route and to intercept PAIGC guerillas infiltrating from Guinea. In 1968 the arrival of Brig. Spinola saw new Portuguese offensives that regained territory from PAIGC. The Tombali rebels fled to Guinea to rebuild their forces. Rebel activity ceased in the  area of Fort Tristão. The T-6 aircraft were transferred to other airfields and the garrison reduced to one company of infantry. The departure of Spinola in 1972 saw new attacks by the rebels. The local rebel commander observed that Fort Tristão had not been reinforced. This was the opportunity the rebels were looking for to test their new soldiers, equipment and training.

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04 May 1978, Cassinga, Angola
The attack on Cassinga (known in SWAPO’s code as “Moscow”, and which was situated some 260 Kilometers north of the border), grew out of the plan for “Operation Bruilof”, which had envisaged attacking six SWAPO targets around the town of Cheteguera. During the intelligence gathering portion of the planning for “Bruilof”, it became clear that the one time little mining town of Cassinga, previously overlooked, was actually SWAPO’s main HQ for the region, and in the process of developing into the largest of all  SWAPO training bases. Air photo-reconnaissance showed major military infrastructure – miles of zig-zag trenches, concrete drive-in AFV emplacements covering road approaches, a star-shaped AA missile command-and-launch facility characteristic of Warsaw Pact SA-2 sites, and – crucially – a school bus which had been hijacked from SA controlled Southwest Africa/Namibia about 10 days earlier with a load of kidnapped school children. In response to this, the plan for Operation Bruilof was shelved and planning for a new operation, Operation  Reindeer, began. Reindeer was composed of three main actions; the airborne assault on Cassinga, a mechanized assault on the Chetaquera complex – which also involved SAAF defense-suppression strikes – and an assault on the Dombondola complex by a light infantry force.  There are 5 variations of this scenario depicting variable setups.   download

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Battle Pack #2 (4 Scenarios)
Barnacle Bob

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Bridge 22

04 August 1980, Angola

A FAPLA engineering unit was tasked with repairing two bridges destroyed by UNITA guerrillas. A FAPLA platoon supported by three Cuban BMPs was provided for defense of the engineering unit and the bridges. The engineering unit spent nights in the security of a local base about 2 km south of the bridge. The defense force stayed on site day and night. After a few days the local UNITA guerilla unit observed the routine of the FAPLA force and decided to destroy the new bridge. UNITA player, use the shift key for useful information. The armoured bridge layer represents the new bridge. Fictional battle based upon actual events.

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Operation Caribou

08 June 1979, Chetequera, Angola
The town of Chetequera (known as Stalingrad) was one of SWAPO’s main supply depots and headquarters for terrorist operations in Western Owamboland. The SADF destroyed the base in 1978. SWAPO rebuilt the base. In early 1979 SWAPO began to use the base for the transition from a terrorist force to a conventional force. FAPLA and Cuban advisors were assisting in this transition. The SADF launched another “external” to destroy “Stalingrad”. An air strike was to open Operation Caribou. After the air strike a mechanized force was to sweep into the town and destroy what was left and capture any surviving high ranking officials and documents. The operation did not go as planned. Due to flat tyres, mechanical problems and vehicles bogging down only one task force was in position to begin the attack. Minutes before the air strike was to begin communications with the aircraft were lost. The decision was made to attack, with the one task force, when the bombing stopped. The situation continued to get worse for the SADF.

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Operation River Walk

04 May 2006, Walungu, South Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo

In May 2005 it was reported that the Rastas, Rwandan Hutu rebels and Congolese, based in eastern Congo were responsible for hundreds of summary executions, rapes, beatings and hostage-taking of Congolese civilians in the territory of Walungu, South Kivu Province. The Rasta’s were also responsible for hi-jacking UN aid shipments and ambushing UN patrols. With thousands of innocents in dire need of food and medicine it was decided to eliminate the rebels. The main Rastas force was located on a river north of the border town of Goma. A river borne search and destroy mission was ordered, Operation River Walk. The Small Craft Company of the 2nd Marines provided transportation and fire support for the 3rd Company of the French Foreign Legion Parachute Regiment. Fictional battle.

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Vale Da Morte

20 April 1988, Walungu, northeastern Angola

FNLA and Cuban attack helicopters and fighters were having a devastating affect on UNITA troops.  UNITA determined if they were to hold the line they needed to eliminate this aerial threat. A large raiding force consisting of four company size units was to set up a base camp in a small valley behind enemy lines. From this base they would recce the FNLA air base and design and execute the raid on this base. The operation was discovered by the Cubans. A fresh Cuban battalion was camped a few kilometers southwest of the valley. A quick, pre-emptive strike was organized. It has hoped to catch the rebels unaware and to destroy the entire force. Fictional battle.  download

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PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS

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Le Dernier Argument
Ozgur Budak

06  January 2003    North of Duekoue, Ivory Coast
Adaptation of David Julien’s LNL scenario Checkpoint CALVI. The French promulgated Unicorn Operation to monitor a ceasefire agreement between Rebel and Loyalist forces in the Republic of the Ivory Coast turns ugly. download

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HYPOTHETICAL CONFLICTS

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Afrikaaner Nightmare- Vortex #5a

Ozgur Budak

13 November 1991 Komatipoort Border Post    Crocodile River Valley, Mozambique

The planned invasion of  Johannesburg had been in motion for a couple of months. Careful deception  tactics have paid and South African intelligence has been anticipating the Cuban attack from North, the Namibian sector. However, mechanized Cuban forces consisting of three spearheads were awaiting for the code to launch the attack from their bases at Mozambique and outflank the SADF pinned down at Namibia. One of the key sectors was at Komatipoort where the National Route 4 was leading to Johannesburg. A small borderpost commanded by Sgt. Uwe Boshof had been far from events since the war with Namibia started. The Mozambique-South Africa border was a quite place and SADF had no fear against the untrained and underequipped Mozambique Army. download

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Foxtrot Hotel One- Vortex #3

Ozgur Budak

25 August 1991      Route 52, East of Mountain Pass         Near Windhoek, Namibia

After defeating a roadblock 1.5 days earlier the 5th Mechanized Brigade under Colonel George von Brandis was resting and refitting. It would be a simple matter of brushing aside the remnants of the Cuban 8th Motorized Brigade now occupying the hill and protecting the pass. On the same hill (actually a slight rise) the Cuban Officer, Capt. Valdez, in command of  the defending units also knew that it would be a simple matter for the SADF to crush his line and he had only a handful of infantry and only five BTRs available!!……more download

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Cuban Roadblock – Vortex #2 (Version 2)

Ozgur Budak

23 August 1991      Auas Mountains, Namibia

5 days after the SADF started Operation Nimrod, (the military invasion of Namibia) the SADF’s main objective was the capture of Namibian capital and road network in one lighting strike. Aware of the lack of strength of SADF for conducting a broader frontage offensive, South Africans focused on the eastern part of the country while diversionary moves on the western Namibian desert provide left flank production. All depended on the quick occupation of the Windhoek Airfield and the city since the poor Namibian road network prevented the logistics required for a full scale military operation. download

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Sky Demons Over Gawamba – Vortex #1

Ozgur Budak

22 May 1991      Tuli River Valley         Gawamba, Zimbabwe

Following the information taken from a captured guerilla, the SADF plans a sudden airborne raid behind the Zimbabwe border and this job has been given to a company from the 44th Parachute Regiment, commanded by a daring officer, captain Rolf Bekker. Their task was infiltrating into a Zimbabwe town Gawamba, which was, according to information, an outpost of the African National Congress (ANC), a communist guerilla organization which was responsible for continuous raids and sabotages against the regime in South Africa. download

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In Breach of Contract

14 April 1994       Southwest  Rwanda

On April 6th, 1994 the country of Rwanda burst into a horrific episode of warfare and genocide that resulted from the death of Rwandan President Habyarimana. The United Nations Assistance Mission in Rwanda (UNAMIR), forbidden to intervene so not to breach their “monitoring” contract, could only observe as the slaughter commenced and thousands died on the first night alone. Following the execution of French Nationals and appalled by the genocide surrounding them , French forces in Rwanda breach the “monitoring” contract and a reinforced platoon from 2e Regiment Etranger de Parachutistes is deployed to intercept a FAR column that has been conducting a ruthless campaign of genocide along their retreat route to Zaire.

Mission Orientated Version (House Rules) download

Traditional Point Version (Traditional Point Method)   download

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Operation Civet

Barnacle Bob

01 January 2006       Southwest  Ivory Coast

In 2004 a civil war erupted in the Ivory Coast. Three factions demanded the President to step down and new elections to be held. While fighting the rebels the government and French forces are involved in several clashes (some accidental, others retaliatory). In 2005 the president of the Ivory Coast has decided to expel all foreigners from her soil and eliminate the rival tribes supporting the three rebel groups. On 31 DEC 05 the president learns that the UN has aid workers in the a  village of a rival tribe… commander. Ivory Coast Commander needs to destroy the village and kill all villagers and foreigners that you can find. If the French intervene kill them too. French command in the area dispatches heavy forces to stop the plans of rival indigenous forces. download

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HYPOTHETICAL REGIONAL WAR 1991 –


To allow the massive amount of equipment included in the Africa at War mod to be utilized to it’s fullest, I am creating an environment of hypothetical African conflict very loosely based on reality. This is not an in depth study and is more along the lines of a completely fictional environment versus that of an alternate reality situation like Larry Bond’s Vortex novels. The Background, for those interested  i sin detail below the scenario listings.

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Hostage Crisis at Bunia

05 May 1991       Bunia, Uganda

A battalion sized unit of Ugandan troops previously en route to Kisoro have seized the town of Bunia just inside of the border of Upper Zaire. To complicate matters, the commander of the Ugandan force (Col. Ogunu) has stated to the UN that he is currently holding 15 Peace Corps workers hostage and plans to execute them if French forces do not withdraw from Kisoro. African Coalition Forces Commander: The surrender of Kisoro is not an option. Unfortunately, the Legion is not within reach of this objective and you are forced to commit untested troops in an offensive operation. The II/49 Infantry (Zaire) plus supporting arms has been placed under your command. In addition you have a detachment of the elite Belgian 2.Paracommando to assist in securing the hostages. This is not a Black Op commander, however, the death of the hostages is absolutely unacceptable. In our favor we have an inside source which informs us that the hostages are not secured by Ogundu and that they continue to evade the forces in the town. Get them out and blow these bastards back to Rwanda. Colonel Ogundu: Hold the village at all costs. If the enemy refuses to evacuate Kisoro or attacks your position, kill the hostages. Shed western blood and show these dogs that Africa is the last place they want to be.  download

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Battle of Kisoro

03 May 1991       Kisoro, Uganda

The Ugandans are massing troops in an around the SW Region of Uganda near Kisoro. Uganda’s sole armored formation is also rumored to be en route. Given this intelligence and the location of Kisoro (very close to the borders of Zaire and Rwanda), there is no doubt that the Ugandans are planning to renew their offensive and resume the war with armor bought recently from China and Russia. It is paramount to the French war effort that this operaion meets outstanding success, as it will win the confidence of it’s government as well as the same of their unmotivated allies in Rwanda and Zaire. Crack units from the 2eRep and the 13 DbLE are to partcipate in the attack and will enjoy heavy air and armored support from the French regular army. The Ugandan garrison needs to hold until their comrades can arrive. download

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Background (HISTORICAL)

During the 1980’s, the closest threats to Zaire seemed to lie to the east, because relations with Zambia and Tanzania had sunk to the lowest point since the first years of the Mobutu regime, and Burundi and Sudan seemed open to anti-Mobutu activity as well. The “rebel” attacks on Moba, on the Zairian shore of Lake Tanganyika, in 1984 and 1985 led to harsh Zairian criticism of Tanzania, Rwanda, and Burundi, which were alleged to have permitted, if not encouraged, the attacks.

Relations with Zambia were at least as bad, with several shooting incidents taking place along the frontier. In August 1984, long-standing tensions heated up when Zaire rounded up Zambians (mostly in Shaba) and announced they would be deported, in reaction to Zambia’s expulsion of immigrants from Zaire and West Africa in July. Lusaka radio alleged that Zairian officials had tricked the Zambians by calling them to stadiums on the pretext of disseminating important information from Lusaka; they then were detained and many were beaten.

The strains in the Zambia-Zaire relationship are linked to Zaire’s position in the global economy. Smuggling from Zambia into the isolated Shaba Region of Zaire has long caused considerable tension between the two countries. In 1983 Zambia stationed troops on the border to stem the flow of contraband. Since then there reportedly have been occasional border incidents involving exchanges of gunfire between Zairian and Zambian soldiers. Late in 1984, Zaire announced creation of a Civil Guard to patrol the frontier so that such incidents would not lead directly to confrontations between the two armies.

In October 1990, when Rwanda was invaded by Uganda-based forces of the Rwandan Patriotic Front, Belgium, France, and Zaire intervened militarily to protect the lives of foreigners and to back the Rwandan government. In February 1991, Mobutu was mandated by a regional meeting of presidents and the secretary general of the OAU to initiate a dialogue leading to a cease-fire agreement between the Rwanda government and the rebels. Representatives of the OAU, along with officials from Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, and Zaire, met several times in 1991 and 1992 and urged the warring parties to observe the cease-fire agreed to in March 1991, but fighting continued.

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Background (HYPOTHETICAL)

Early 1991

As troops of Rwandan Patriotic Front continue to be dealt with harshly, Ugandan Federal Forces begin to support their efforts directly by the supplementing of infantry and support arms into the fray. Initially attempting to avoid confrontation with French and Belgian troops, this soon goes awry as clashes start to develop between all nations involved and French and Belgian casualties begin to mount.

In an attempt to quell the fighting by displaying it’s full military might to Uganda, the French organize a large operation backed by heavy support to crush select RPF base camps inside that country. Zambia soon manipulates Zaire’s removing of troops from their border to step up smuggling operations into the Shaba Region to exploit an opportunity to stimulate their own economy.

Warned to back down but unwilling to comply, Zambian troops began clashing with Zairian forces on a heavy scale. Soon French troops become involved in this fighting also and two full scale wars seem to be developing. As the situation continues to escalate, Zambia calls for assistance from Mozambique. With Mozambique’s civil war was over, they desire to show a sense of their new “unity” as much as they feel obligated to commit due to Zambia’s willing assistance in anti-RENAMO (Pro South African Rebels) operations.

Within a week columns of FRELIMO troops march towards the border of Zaire. Needing as many Western friends as they can muster to ease the pressure mounting concerning Apartheid and fearing a confederation of Zambia, Mozambique and Zimbabwe, South Africa begins mobilizing and threatens that further FRELIMO assistance will warrant South African military intervention. FRELIMO refuses and South Africa attacks the Southern Border of Zambia while it fights a series of small scale actions with Mozambique on their Eastern border.

Unfortunately for South Africa, Zambia has also shown it’s support of Angola by allowing SWAPO guerrillas to operate out of their territory and FAPLA soon declares SADF attacks acts of imperialistic nature. Cuban troops and equipment are mobilized and deployed from Havana. 50 miles from the coast of Angola, SAAF Cheetahs and Canaberras’ engage in a naval battle that sends over half of the Cuban ships to the bottom of the Atlantic ocean. Cuba screams outrage and enters the war with what they have available on the Angolan mainland, due to US pressure on them concerning their participation in this developing large scale war. South Africa, prepared for this possibility gets the jump and meets it’s first Angolan opposition just south of Namibia’s Angolan border. Zimbabwe soons joins the struggle opposite of South Africa in favor of an alliance with Zambia and Mozambique and in protest of Apartheid.

By the beginning of this hypothetical environment almost all countries involved are fighting a war on more than one of it’s borders with only limited resources. This allows the war to be total, yet limited. While fighting tends to erupt at full scale levels, lack of resources do not allow any nation to conduct an extended campaign of magnitude and so the war bogs down, erupts and then bogs down again. The Ugandan Front has declined to a mere side show in comparison to the Southern Front of Zaire and Zambia. Although sporadic guerrilla actions happen regularly on the Ugandan Front, they are somewhat contained at the start of the scenarios. The drawback is that they remain hot enough to disallow the release of valuable resources and manpower from that potential hot spot.

The war is unpopular in France among it’s citizens, so only limited amounts of French troops can be pressed into action. All French infantry forces consist of elite troops and Legionnaires, but French Army Armored and Helo formations have been deployed and gear from Europe pours in steadily. The US arms contribution is limited due to it’s current involvement in Kuwait, yet government surplus warehouses are being emptied of out of date military hardware bound for Africa. Russian and Chinese arms pour in also, yet these countries refrain from sending military personnel other than advisors to avoid American intervention and the possibility of escalating the war to global dimensions. At this point the war is hot and in stalemate.

Nations Involved as of 1991

Angola, Cuba and Zambia

Maintain a Northern front with Zaire and a Southern Front with South Africa in Namibia and Zambia.

Mozambique and Zimbabwe

Have only one geographical front. Their Southern Fronts are with South Africa. Although they both have healthy doses of troops involved in fighting on the Northern Borders of Zambia – Zaire.

Zaire, France and Belgium

Have two geographical fronts. The Southern Front with Zambia and Angola and the Ugandan Front. The Ugandan front is now somewhat quiet, but as mentioned above resources can not be allocated from here as as truce is no where near being signed.

Rwanda

Has only one geographical front with Uganda and are not involved in the fighting to the south.

Namibia

Is more or less occupied by the SADF and it’s northern region is currently a war zone.

African Coalition Forces

France

Belgium (2.Paracommando Battalion only)

Zaire

South Africa

Namibia

Rwandan Government

Unified African Liberation Front

Zambia

Mozambique

Zimbabwe

Angola

Cuba

Rwandan Patriotic Front

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